Tchaikovsky – Mirlitons
|CD320||Peter Tchaikovsky||Danse des Mirlitons||Two Flutes and Piano||Grade 7||2′ 45″||£6.50/£2.00|
Tchaikovsky’s early career was as a clerk but in 1865, after lessons in orchestration from Anton Rubinstein he was made professor of harmony at Moscow Conservatoire. He was able to pursue composition thanks to financial support from Nadezhda von Meck, though he never met her. After a disastrous marriage he resigned his post at the Conservatoire to move to the country where he devoted himself entirely to composition. His fame gradually spread and by 1890, with the Bbm Piano Concerto and Sleeping Beauty behind him, he was financially independent. He visited the United States and England in the following years, but within nine days of the first performance of the Symphonie Pathétique in 1893 he was dead; it has recently been suggested that he poisoned himself to avoid homosexual scandal.
Tchaikovsky’s large output was mainly orchestral. Danse des Mirlitons comes from the Nutcracker (Casse Noisette) ballet. Its title is often left in the original French as the most faithful translation of Mirliton would be either Eunuch Flute or Kazoo! It is a play on words, too, since the Nutcracker Mirlitons are also a kind of pastry.
This arrangement keeps the top line exactly as in the orchestral score, with the second and third flutes of the original making up the second line. These two lines are then alternated between the two flutes to maximise the interest. Due to a few high notes the parts are about grade VII level. Performance suggestions, including alternative fingerings for those top notes, are given in the score. The keyboard part constitutes the rest of the orchestra and is of about Grade VI standard.